Legend has it that Nafplio was founded and named after the hero Nafplios. According to Greek mythology, the site was fortified by cyclopean walls. Archeological evidence proves the existence of the settlement during the Mycenaean period.
Mycenae, Agamemnon’s kingdom, is the most important citadel of the late Bronze Age.
A whole era and its civilization has been named after this city and thus it is called Mycenaean period. There are many legends dating back from this period. These legends have long been a source of inspiration for many writers and artists throughout the centuries.
According to the legend, Perseus, Zeus and Danae’s son, was the founder of Mycenae. It is said that Perseus named the city either after the cap (mycēs) of the sheath of his sword, or after a mushroom he found on the site.
Nafplio is a town in Peloponnese and the most important port of the region. It is one of the most picturesque cities it the country. The town was the capital of the First Hellenic Republic, from 1828 until 1834. The site is also renowned for the Acronauplia (walls dating from pre-classical times), Palamidi (a castle built by the Venetians) and Bourtzi (a small castle located in the middle of the harbour of Nafplio).